Corresponding Author

Dalia H. Tamamm

Subject Area

Architectural Engineering

Article Type

Original Study


Visual comfort is one of the most important factors in achieving indoor environmental quality due to its great impact on human health, especially in hospitals, schools, and administrative buildings. It also enhances the health and well-being of patients within the spaces of their stay in hospitals. Previous studies did not address visual effects that support recovery, psychological and physical comfort of patients within their spaces. The problem of this paper is to seek an answer to a central question about the characteristics and specifications of the standard model of inpatient spaces from the perspective of Visual Comfort in daylight. Therefore, the research aims to provide an answer to the research question by studying the variables and constants standards of inpatient spaces and their impact on the behavior of daylight to achieve visual comfort according to the various activities in the space. The research paper is based on a mixed approach (literature review and analysis, experimental and deductive method) to determine variables and constants standards of inpatient spaces, determine the optimal standards for the highest level of light diffusion within the space and then produce the standard model of inpatient spaces that realize patient visual comfort in daylight. As a result, the paper identified the optimal characteristics of the inpatient spaces, which affect the behavior of natural lighting within inpatient spaces, and the size and position of the window - which is the source of natural light- based on achieving standard rates of visual comfort in daylight.


Visual Comfort, Inpatient spaces, Hospital, daylight, Standard Model

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.