Corresponding Author

Tamer AL-Shyoukhi

Subject Area

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Article Type

Original Study


Shallow foundations' behavior is enhanced by using skirts to confine the soil beneath the foundation. The bearing capacity and settlement of skirted foundations resting on the sand are influenced by the size of the skirt cell and shear strength of sand. Experimental modelling was carried out on an axially square-skirted footing resting on sand in this study. Plaxis-3D software was used for numerical analysis to support the experimental results. The numerical analysis results validated the experimental results. The outcomes of the study demonstrated that skirts wider than the footing size increased the bearing capacity of skirted foundations. In the case of a skirt-width/foundation-width ratio of 5/3, settlement reduction may well be valued at more than 77%. The enhancement in bearing capacity of skirted foundation increases with decreasing relative density of sand. The bearing capacity and settlement of skirted foundations with wider skirts are estimated using charts.


Bearing capacity, Settlement, Sand, Skirted Foundation, Relative Density

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.